The word patent generally has a common connotation in all jurisdictions. It means an official instrument given in writing by a statutory authority to an inventor, granting him the exclusive right to manufacture, use, sell or license his/her invention for a certain number of years and thereby prevent others from copying it.

Under Indian Law, a patent is an exclusive privilege granted to an inventor to exploit and market the fruit of his/her innovative technical or scientific talent for a period of twenty years computed from the date of filing of the application; and during that term, prevent others from copying his/her invention, advertently or inadvertently. This monopoly is given as a consideration for disclosure by the patentee of his/her technical information in the specification and other documents attached to his/her application and materials referred to therein.
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